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Kings Of and In Scotland
Before Kings of Scots

Before Kings of Scots

Listed below are the Kings that ruled in the territory now identified as Scotland - from Before the Common Era (BCE) to the present day.

  1. 132 BCE - 72 BCE  -  Beli Mawr (the Great) - Sovereign Lord of the Britons
  2. 72 BCE - 62 BCE  -  Llud - King of the Britons
  3. 62 BCE - 48 BCE  -  Casswallan
  4. 48 BCE - 20 BCE  -  Tenantius - King in South East (Seat at Camulod)
  5. 20 BCE - 10 CE  -  King Llyr (King Lear)
  6. 10 - 17  -  Cymbeline (Pendragon Court at Camulod)
  7. 17 - 44  -  King Guiderius
  8. 44 - 74  -  Arviragus - King of Siluria
  9. 74 - 125  -  King Marius of Siluria
  10. 125 - 170  -  Coel I of Camulod
  11. 170 - 181  -  Lleiffer Mawr (King Lucius)
  12. Cadvan of Cumbria
  13. Coel II of Colchester
  14. 248 - 312  -  Emperor Constantius I Chlorus
  15. 312 - 337  -  Constantine the Great - Roman Emperor
  16. 337 - 361  -  Constantius II
  17. Gratianus  -  Western Emperor
  18. 383 - 388  -  Magnus Maximus  -  Imperial Guletic of Britain
  19. Conan Meriadoc  -  Duke of the Armorican Frontiers  -  First King of the Bretons
  20. Coel Hen Godebog - of Rheged
  21. 425 - 464  -  Vortigern  -  Regulus of Britain (King of Powys from 418 - 464)
  22. Cunedda Wledig of Manau
  23. Einian Yrth
  24. Brychan II of Manau
  25. Fergus Mor - Kingdom of Alba
  26. 501 - 506  -  Domangart, King of Alba
  27. 506 - 537  -  Comgall, King of Alba
  28. 537 - 559  -  King Gabràn of Scots
  29. 559 - 574  -  Conall 
  30. 574 - ?  -  King Aedàn mac Gabràn  -  Pendragon of Dalriada
  31. King Arthur
  32. 608 - 630  -  Eochaid Buide
  33. 630 - 643  -  Donald Brec
  34. 643 - 651  -  Ferchar
  35. 651 - 659  -  Conall Crandomna
  36. 659 - 673  -  Domangart
  37. 673 - 688  -  Maelduin
  38. 688 - 695  -  Donald Dond
  39. 695 - 696  -  Eochaid
  40. 696 - 697  -  Ferchar (the Long)
  41. 697 - 698  -  Ainfcellach
  42. 698 - 701  -  Fiannamail
  43. 701 - 723  -  Selbach
  44. 723 - 726  -  Dungal
  45. 726 - 733  -  Eochaid
  46. 733 - 736  -  Muiredach
  47. 736 - 740  -  Alpin
  48. 741 - 741  -  Indrechtach 
  49. 741 - 747  -  Eogan
  50. 748 - 778  -  Aed Find
  51. 778 - 780  -  Fergus
  52. 781 - 781  -  Eochaid
  53. 781 - 805  -  Donald
  54. 805 - 807  -  Conall
  55. 807 - 811  -  Conall
  56. 811 - 820  -  Constantine
  57. 820 - 834  -  Angus
  58. 834 - 836  -  Aed
  59. 836 - 839  -  Eoganan
  60. 839 - 841  -  Alpin - King of Scots
Early Kings of Scots

Early Kings of Scots

The King of Scots line starts with Alpin, changing from Kings of Dalriada to Kings of Scots

  1. 839 - 841  -  Alpin - King of Scots
  2. 844 - 859  -  Kenneth I - King of Picts & Scots
  3. 859 - 863  -  Donald I
  4. 863 - 877  -  Constantine I
  5. 877 - 878  -  Aedh
  6. 878 - 889  -  Eochaid
  7. 889 - 900  -  Donald II
  8. 900 - 942  -  Constantine II
  9. 942 - 954  -  Malcolm I
  10. 954 - 962  -  Indulph
  11. 962 - 967  -  Duff (Dubh)
  12. 967 - 971  -  Cuilean
  13. 971 - 975  -  Kenneth II
  14. 995 - 997  -  Constantine III
  15. 997 - 1005  -  Kenneth III
  16. 1005 - 1034  -  Malcolm II (Malcolm MacKenneth)
  17. 1034 - 1040  -  Duncan I (slain by Macbeth)
  18. 1040 - 1057  -  Macbeth of Moray (slain by Malcolm Canmore, son of Duncan I)
  19. 1057 - 1058  -  Lulach (Macbeth's step-son)
  20. 1058 - 1093  -  Malcolm III (Malcolm Canmore) (killed by the English at Alnwick)
    Malcolm III was but a child when his father, King Duncan, was slain by Macbeth. For a number of years he was free to devote his energies to the consolidation of his kingdom. England was then ruled by the peaceful Edward the Confessor. After his first wife, Ingibiorg, died, Malcolm married in 1069 Margaret, sister of Edgar the Atheling. In 1093, he invaded Northumberland and was ambushed and slain at Malcolm's Cross. After Malcolm's death, there were fierce struggles between his relatives and the sons of Margaret for the throne, during which the kingdom was divided for a time under 2 rulers..
  21. 1093 - 1094  -  Donald III (Donald Ban) (deposed by Duncan II)
  22. 1094 - 1094  -  Duncan II 
  23. 1094 - 1097  -  Donald III (restored)
  24. 1097 - 1107  -  Edgar (slain by Alexander)
  25. 1107 - 1124  -  Alexander I (Ruled the Highlands)
  26. 1124 - 1153  -  David I (Ruled the Lowland from 1107) (known as the Saint)
    David was a powerful ruler. He administered the government so firmly that the kingdom was unified along lines which continued for many years. His fame is due chiefly to his domestic policy. He assimilated the national religion to the Roman model and gave so many large grants of land to men of Norman, Scottish, and Danish birth, that the governing race of the country was changed. He also gave a priority to the development of burghs. Under him, Scotland flourished and excited the rivalry of England.
  27. 1153 - 1165  -  Malcolm IV
  28. 1165 - 1214  -  William (the Lion)
    After William was captured while invading Northumberland, he was forced to acknowledge Henry II, King of England, as Lord Paramount of Scotland. The English suzerainty lasted until 1189.
  29. 1214 - 1249  -  Alexander II
  30. 1249 - 1286  -  Alexander III
    Under Alexander II and Alexander III, Scotland made steady progress along all the lines of national development. Alexander III defeated Haco, King of Norway, at the Battle of Largo in 1265, and the Hebrides and the Isle of Man were added to Scotland. Throughout the period of disaster and misery that followed the death of Alexander III, his reign came to be regarded as the golden age of Scotland.
  31. 1286 - 1290  -  Margaret (the Maid of Norway) (died at sea at the age of 7)
    Alexander III's daughter Margaret married Eric II of Norway. Their daughter, Margaret the Maid of Norway, at age 3 was Alexander III's only living descendant when he died. By the regency appointed to manage the affairs of the kingdom, it was arranged that she should be married to the heir of Edward I of England, but, on her way back home, she died in the Orkney Islands. There were then 13 candidates for the vacant throne. The 3 major claimants agreed to let Edward I of England decide who would be awarded the Scottish crown. His decision 12 November, 1292, at the Castle of Berwick, was John Balliol, the grandson of the eldest daughter of the brother of William the Lion - under the condition of vassalage to Edward I. Four years later, Edward I decided there should be no King of Scots, and appointed a governor to handle the affairs of Scotland. The War of Scottish Independence resulted in Robert the Bruce being King of an independent Scotland.
  32. 1292 - 1296  -  John Balliol (selected by Edward I of England)
  33. 1296 - 1306  -  crown seized by Edward I of England
  34. 1306 - 1329  -  Robert I (Robert the Bruce)
  35. 1329 - 1371  -  David II (opposed Edward III at Halidon Hill in 1333)
  36. 1371 - 1390  -  Robert II (Robert Stewart)
The Royal House of Stewart

The Royal House of Stewart

The Royal House of Stewart starts with Robert Stewart (Robert II), the son of Walter Stewart (the 6th High Steward of Scotland) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I.

  1. 1371 - 1390  -  Robert II
  2. 1390 - 1406  -  Robert III
  3. 1406 - 1437  -  James I
  4. 1437 - 1460  -  James II
  5. 1460 - 1488  -  James III
  6. 1488 - 1513  -  James IV
  7. 1513 - 1542  -  James V
  8. 1542 - 1567  -  Mary, Queen of Scots
  9. 1567 - 1625  -  James VI (crowned King of Scotland at age 13 months) (crowned King James I of England in 1603)
    Now Stuart Kings of Britain
  10. 1625 - 1649  -  Charles I (executed)
  11. 1649 - 1659  -  Commonwealth of Britain
    1653 - 1658 - Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector
    1658 - 1659 - Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector
  12. 1660 - 1685  -  Charles II
  13. 1685 - 1688  -  James II (James VII of Scots) (deposed by the Whig Revolution)
  14. 1689 - 1702  -  William III and Mary II
    William and Mary were named joint sovereigns. When Mary II died in 1694, William III ruled on his own until his death.
  15. 1702 - 1714  -  Anne
Royal Houses of Hanover and Windsor

Royal Houses of Hanover and Windsor

After Anne Stuart died with no descendants, she was succeeded by her second cousin, George I of the House of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts through his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, daughter of James I.

  1. 1714 - 1727  -  George I
  2. 1727 - 1760  -  George II
  3. 1760 - 1820  -  George III
  4. 1820 - 1830  -  George IV
  5. 1830 - 1837  -  William IV
  6. 1837 - 1901  -  Victoria
  7. 1901 - 1910  -  Edward VII
  8. 1910 - 1936  -  George V
    The family changed their name to Windsor in 1917, in order to veil their German heritage during World War I. Windsor was the surname of King Edward III (who died in 1377).
  9. 1936 - 1936  -  Edward VIII (abdicated)
  10. 1936 - 1952  -  George VI (was Prince Albert)
  11. 1952 - present  -  Elizabeth II

                                                                                                                                                                 

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